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Minors

Minors are available to declared baccalaureate degree students as an option in the Landmark College curriculum.

A minor provides a student with an opportunity to take on a second area of focus beyond the major. This could be an area that compliments the student’s major or different area of interest a student wants to explore. A minor is not required to earn a bachelor’s degree.

Engaging in the study of a discipline through a minor promotes connections to multiple departments, as well as to a subject area that a student may choose to pursue beyond the attainment of their bachelor’s degree.

A completed minor is noted on a student’s degree transcript and serves as further demonstration of a student’s intellectual persistence and dedication to a particular academic discipline.

A minor requires between 15 and 24 credits. Some minors may require completion of prerequisites that are not included in the total requirements of the minor.

The following are required by a student pursuing a minor:

  • Students may not minor in the same area of study as their baccalaureate degree.
  • Students are expected to earn a C (2.0) average in the minor requirements to earn the minor.
  • A maximum of eight credits can be at the 1000 level.
  • At least three credits in the minor must be at the 3000 level or higher.
  • At least nine credits in the minor must be Landmark College institutional credits.
  • At least nine credits must be unique to the minor, that are not shared with the major or any other minor.
  • Substitutions for specified courses or cluster courses are not allowed.
  • A department or program may include courses that are graded on a credit/no credit basis in a minor, but all other courses in the minor must be taken for a grade.

Landmark College Minors:

  • A minor in Communication provides students with the opportunity to take on a second area of focus beyond the student’s declared major. The communication minor could focus on improving interpersonal communication, message design, storytelling, project management, team building, media production or public relations.

    A minor in Communication requires 21 total credits. Students must earn an average of C or better in all 21 credits. At least nine credits in the minor must be Landmark College institutional credits.

    Students may not minor in Communication if they are majoring in Communication and Entrepreneurial Leadership. At least nine credits earned in the minor must be unique to the minor and not applied toward requirements in the student’s major or any other minor.

    Required Communication Foundation: 6 credits

    COM1011 Introduction to Communication
    COM course at 3000/4000 level

    Required Communication Focus Area:

    15 credits (at least 6 at the 3000/4000 level) in any of the following discipline areas:

    Communication (COM)
    Journalism (JRN)

  • A minor in Education provides students with the opportunity to take on a second area of focus beyond the student’s declared major. The education minor focuses on education philosophy, educational psychology, and student development.

    A minor in Education requires 18 total credits. Students must earn an average of C or better in all 18 credits. At least nine credits in the minor must be Landmark College institutional credits. At least nine credits earned in the minor must be unique to the minor and not applied toward requirements in the student’s major or any other minor.

    Required Education Foundation: 6 credits

    EDU1031 Introduction to Education
    EDU3011 Philosophy of Education

    Required Education Focus Area:

    12 credits (at least 6 at the 3000/4000 level) in any of the following discipline areas (3 credits must be in EDU):

    Education (EDU)
    Psychology (PSY)

  • A minor in Environmental Biology will provide students with the tools and the general understanding of environment-related issues necessary to live and work in an increasingly interdependent society. Students who complete the minor should be able to:

    • Apply the scientific method and quantitative techniques to describe, monitor, and understand environmental systems.
    • Demonstrate proficiency in ecological field methods such as wildlife survey, biodiversity assessment, mathematical modeling, and monitoring of ecological systems.
    • Use scientific sources to support an argument or discussion.

    A minor in Environmental Biology requires 18 total credits. Students must earn an average of C or better in all 18 credits. At least nine credits in the minor must be Landmark College institutional credits. Students may not minor in Environmental Biology if they are majoring in the B.S. in Life Science. At least nine credits earned in the minor must be unique to the minor and not applied toward requirements in the student’s major or any other minor.

    Required Environmental Biology Foundation (choose 1): 4 credits

    BIO 1521 Principles of Biology I
    GEO 1511 Introduction to Geology
    NSC 1531 Intro to Physical Geography
    NSC 1521 Natural History of Vermont
    BIO 1522 Principles of Biology II

    Environment Biology Electives : 14 credits

    [Minimum of 4 credits at the 1000 level, 7 credits at the 2000 level, 3 credits at the 3000/4000 level]

    BIO 1521 Principles of Biology I
    GEO 1511 Introduction to Geology
    NSC 1531 Intro to Physical Geography
    NSC 1521 Natural History of Vermont
    BIO 1522 Principles of Biology II

    ENV2511 Environmental Science
    BIO 2711 Field Studies in Wildlife Conservation
    CHE 2012 Aquatic Chemistry
    BIO 2021 Plant Biology
    NSC 2041 Climate Change: Causes & Solutions
    ENV 2521 Natural Resource and Sustainability

    ECO 3011 Winter Ecology
    ENV 3011 Principles of Sustainability
    BIO 3031 Evolution
    BIO 3012 Ecology
    BIO 3041 Conservation Biology
    ENV 3012 Forest Ecology & Measurement
    ENV4011 Environmental Policy & Politics

  • A minor in Psychology provides students with the opportunity to take on a second area of focus beyond the student’s declared major.  The psychology minor focuses on key concepts, theories, and perspectives in psychology and neurodiversity as well as the scope and limitations of the discipline. Curriculum in the minor provides opportunities to develop the cultural competence to engage with all forms of social diversity.

    A minor in Psychology requires 21 total credits. Students must earn an average of C or better in all 21 credits. At least nine credits in the minor must be Landmark College institutional credits. Students may not minor in Psychology if they are majoring in the B.A. in Psychology. At least nine credits earned in the minor must be unique to the minor and not applied toward requirements in the student’s major or any other minor.

    Required Psychology Foundation: 6 credits

    PSY 1011 Introduction to Psychology
    PSY3061 Diversity Psychology or PSY 4011 Social Identity in a Diverse World or EDU4011 Seminar in Learning Difference, Politics & Culture: 3 credits

    Required Psychology Focus Area:

    15 credits (at least 6 at the 3000/4000 level) in any of the following discipline areas (3 credits must be in PSY at the 2000 level or above):

    Education (EDU)
    Psychology (PSY)
    MAT 2621 Applied Statistics

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