Course Descriptions

NS0911 Fundamentals of Biology
0 credits
Fundamentals of Biology explores a range of topics and prepares students by teaching strategies and skills for success in freshman-level college science courses. The course covers the following topics: the scientific method as a tool of inquiry; cellular structure and function; ecology and taxonomy; and basic plant and animal biology.

NS1011 Introduction to Biological Science: Cells and Organisms
4 credits
This course examines the key concepts of modern biology with an emphasis on the cellular aspects of life, traditional and contemporary genetics, and an overview of the diversity of life through the study of evolution. Lab included.

NS1021 Introduction to Biological Science: Organisms and the Environment
4 credits
This course examines the key concepts of modern biology with an emphasis on the relationships between organisms and their environment. Studies of evolution and genetics are woven into this theme and provide students with additional perspectives on the biological world. Lab included.

NS1111 Introduction to Chemistry
4 credits
Descriptive rather than rigorously mathematical, this course serves as a general introduction to chemistry. Starting with atomic structure as a foundation, the course moves through chemical bonds, reactions, chemical equations, mass relationships, and acid base chemistry. Lab included.
Prerequisites: Math Level 5

NS1211 Introduction to Physical Science
4 credits
This course is a study of universal concepts governing physical interactions which includes selected topics in physics, chemistry, geology, and astronomy. The course begins by developing an understanding of basic physics--motion, mechanics, and energy--then continues to basic topics in chemistry, geology, and astronomy. General chemistry is introduced within this framework before moving to the study of major physical processes within the earth and the evolution of the universe. Process analysis, terminology, scientific methodology, and the synthesis of ideas are stressed. Approximately half the course involves the study of physics, so there is a strong emphasis on the practical applications of various mathematical ideas. Students who are not willing to do a considerable amount of mathematical thinking should avoid this class. Lab included.
Prerequisites: Math level 5

NS1311 Introduction to Geology
4 credits
This course includes many topics of basic geology, including: geologic time, Earth structure, minerals and rocks, plates tectonics and related phenomena, landforms and geomorphism, geology, and current events, plus climate change of the past. Students will have the opportunity to study each topic in depth in the regular classroom through notes, discussions, various group activities, and visual materials from various media. There is a weekly lab session devoted to the hands-on exploration of inquiry-based investigations of rock and mineral identification, landform interpretation, map reading, and other relevant topics and skills. In order to apply the observational and interpretive skills presented, field work will be an important part of the course. Lab included.

NS1600 Life Science Career Seminar
1 credit
This course introduces students to the diversity of careers available to those with a background in the life sciences. Guest speakers from a variety of life science fields will offer presentations to the class. In addition, students will analyze their interests, skills, and strengths with online career inventories. They will develop a resume and cover letter and will practice job interviewing skills.  Finally, students will research and make a presentation on potential careers that match their interests and goals.

NS1701 Principles of Biology I
4 credits
This course will cover the following topics in greater depth than the NS1021 course: diversity of life, biological classification, evolution by natural selection, evidence for evolution, speciation, population ecology, community ecology, and ecosystem processes. Emphasis will be on applying the scientific method of inquiry to laboratory and field investigations. Instructional methods will include discussions, lecture, lab work, fieldwork, and many hands-on activities. This course is open to any Landmark student who wishes to gain a deeper understanding of the living world; there are no prerequisites, and only students in the A.S. Life Sciences degree program need to take both NS1701 and NS1702 (which may be taken in any order). Lab included.

NS1702 Principles of Biology II
4 credits
This course will cover the following topics in greater depth than the current NS1011 course: basic life chemistry; cell composition and function; membrane transport; photosynthesis and cellular respiration; DNA synthesis, transcription and translation; gene regulation; mitosis and meiosis; and patterns of inheritance. Emphasis will be made on applying the scientific method, including designing hypotheses, testing hypotheses, analyzing data, drawing conclusions, and communication via graphs figures, writing, and speaking. Information will be presented in a variety of modalities currently used at Landmark College, including small group work, tactile and kinesthetic activities, reading and summarizing, videos, and lecture. Students will attend weekly labs in which lab techniques such as microscopy, micropipette use, DNA recombination, and gel electrophoresis will be practiced. This course is open to any Landmark student who wishes to gain a deeper understanding of the living world; only students in the A.S. Life Sciences degree program need to take both NS1701 and NS1702 (which may be taken in any order). Lab included.

 NS1801 Principles of Chemistry I
4 credits
This course is designed for students interested in further study and/or careers in the sciences. It will cover the following topics: atomic structure and periodicity, bonding, molecular geometry, chemical reactions and stoichiometry, gas laws, solution chemistry, and energy changes (thermodynamics). Emphasis will be placed on applying chemistry to current issues in the life sciences and the environment. Information will be presented in a variety of modalities currently used at Landmark College including small group work, tactile and kinesthetic activities, reading and summarizing, videos, and lecture. Students will attend weekly labs, in which steps of the scientific process such as experimental design, careful observation, and recording of data are reviewed as students work cooperatively on projects. Lab included.

NS1802 Principles of Chemistry II
4 credits
Principles of Chemistry II is the second semester of a two-semester chemistry sequence. The course continues from Principles of Chemistry I, covering the topics of thermochemistry, kinetics, equilibrium, acid-base chemistry, and electrochemistry, with an introduction to organic and biochemistry if time permits. As in the first semester, examples to illustrate the material will be drawn from multiple fields, including medicine and the allied health fields, environmental science, and biology, as well as industrial chemistry. Lab included.
Prerequisites: NS1801 and Math Level 5

NS2001 Perspectives in Evolution
4 credits, with lab
Evolution is a term charged with both emotion and controversy. Too often, discussions surrounding this topic don’t focus on what evolution is, and what it is not, from a truly scientific perspective. This course begins with an extended study of relevant topics in geology, such as plate tectonics, to create a solid underpinning for the study of evolution. It continues with a look at the ideas of Charles Darwin and the evidence of evolution, particularly the fossil record and the connections with genetics. The first unit explores the human evolution fossil record and the numerous controversies involved with interpreting those discoveries. Included throughout the course is an emphasis on how the discipline of science works in general and how geology and evolution are prime examples of the workings of this process in particular. Non-scientific interpretations of the evidence are occasionally highlighted for contrast. Lab included.
Prerequisites: NS 1000-level course, EN1011, and FY1011 or FY1001

NS2002 Perspectives in Evolution
3 credits, no lab
Evolution is a term charged with both emotion and controversy. Too often, discussions surrounding this topic don’t focus on what evolution is, and what it is not, from a truly scientific perspective. This course begins with an extended study of relevant topics in geology, such as plate tectonics, to create a solid underpinning for the study of evolution. It continues with a look at the ideas of Charles Darwin and the evidence of evolution, particularly the fossil record and the connections with genetics. The first unit explores the human evolution fossil record and the numerous controversies involved with interpreting those discoveries. Included throughout the course is an emphasis on how the discipline of science works in general and how geology and evolution are prime examples of the workings of this process in particular. Non-scientific interpretations of the evidence are occasionally highlighted for contrast.
Prerequisites: NS 1000-level course, EN1011, and FY1011 or FY1001

NS2012 Nutrition and Health
3 credits
Nutrition is critical for good health, yet many people have little understanding of the components of nutrition. Nutrition and Health introduces the concepts of human digestion and nutrient absorption, addresses nutrients from the perspectives of diet sources and roles in physiology and homeostasis, and provides an overview of nutritional and eating disorders. Course material is presented in a variety of modalities, including group activities, lectures, class discussions, case studies, animations, and student presentations.
Prerequisites: NS 1000-level course, EN1011, and FY1011 or FY1001

NS2041 Field Biology of Northern New England
4 credits, with lab
This field-based class covers common plants, animals, and fungi of northern New England and the environment in which they live. Topics include taxonomy, diversity, adaptations, and ecological interactions. Students will keep a field notebook and be expected to hike over varying terrain. Lab included.
Prerequisites: NS 1000-level course, EN1011, and FY1011 or FY1001

NS2042 Field Biology of Northern New England
3 credits, no lab
This field-based class covers common plants, animals, and fungi of Northern New England and the environment in which they live. Topics include taxonomy, diversity, adaptations, and ecological interactions. Students will keep a field notebook and be expected to hike over varying terrain. Although there is no separate lab section for this class, much of the course will take place in the outdoors doing lab and field activities.
Prerequisites: NS 1000-level course, EN1011, and FY1011 or FY1001

NS2044 Field Studies in Wildlife Conservation
4 credits
This course is designed to give students an opportunity to explore issues of wildlife conservation in a case-study, lab-based format. Students will participate in a systematic collection of scientific data through village interviews and field surveys, culminating in a public presentation and a research report. Students will speak to regional wildlife officials and members of the local community, gaining a larger context for the local wildlife issues. Students will participate in data collection of animal and plant species through transect, sign, camera, and animal tracking surveys in association with local researchers, keeping a field journal of these and other activities. Based on readings and the course activities, student will learn about data collection, database managements, and basic data analysis, and will write a comprehensive lab report. The class will also present the results to local stakeholders. At the conclusion of the course, students will have a comprehensive, multi-dimensional understanding of the inherent complexities of wildlife conservation issues.
Prerequisites: NS 1000-level course, EN1011, and FY1011 or FY1011

NS2051 Aquatic Ecology and Pollution
4 credits
This summer course offers students an opportunity to carry out an in-depth investigation of the ecology and pollution of rivers and streams. The course weaves together lecture, student presentations, field trips, guest speakers, and laboratory/field investigations. The content emphasis will be on the science and environmental issues related to the ecology and pollution of rivers and streams. Students will conduct intensive research on a local watershed, which will result in a presentation of their research findings to members of the Putney community. Lab included.
Prerequisites: NS 1000-level course, EN1011, and FY1011 or FY1001

NS2061 Biological Psychology
3 credits
Biological Psychology explores the brain from physiological, evolutionary, and developmental perspectives. Topics include basic neuroanatomy and physiology; anatomy, development, and plasticity of the brain; regulation of body homeostasis; and the biological basis of behavior. Specific attention is directed toward comprehending and evaluating research methods and findings.
Prerequisites: NS 1000-level course, EN1011, and FY1011 or FY1001

NS2221 Environmental Science
4 credits
This course examines current environmental concerns and undertakes some relevant local field studies in environmental science. Emphasis is placed on the science behind environmental concerns, while the importance of policy and human values are also discussed. After an overview of population, resources, and pollution, students undertake an in-depth analysis of water pollution, biological diversity, and climate change. Lab included.
Prerequisites: NS 1000-level course, EN1011 and FY1011 or FY1001

NS2231 Contemporary Issues in Science
3 credits
Contemporary Issues in Science is a course in which students will have the opportunity to explore in depth major topics of interest in the natural sciences. The course will consist of reading, writing, poster presentations, and online interactions in an atmosphere of respect for each individual's opinion. Topics will be drawn from current scientific research that has an impact on society, perhaps because of ethical, political, or social concerns. Students will need to read and think critically and skeptically, and present clear, well supported arguments both verbally and in writing. A portion of the course will include discussions, student review and critique of articles, and student responses to the reviews and critiques of others. A good deal of writing will be expected in the form of papers, responses, and critiques.
Prerequisites: NS 1000-level course, EN1011, and FY1011 or FY1001

NS2232 Introduction to Forensic Science
3 credits, no lab
This is a survey course in forensic science that explores how the principles of biology and chemistry are used to solve crimes. The major modes of course content delivery include hands-on activities, lecture, video, guest lecturers, labs, and online activities. Noteworthy famous forensics cases will be examined and discussed, and students are expected to present several cases throughout the course. Critical thinking and evidence analysis skills will be regularly applied to “solve” cases. Topics include crime scene analysis, history of forensic science, trace evidence, drugs and toxicology, serology, fingerprints, arson investigation, ballistics, hair and fibers, DNA, forensics entomology, questioned document examination, forensic anthropology, and pathology.
Prerequisites: NS 1000-level course, EN1011, and FY1011 or FY1001 

NS2233 Introduction to Forensic Science
4 credits, with lab
This is a survey course in forensic science that explores how the principles of biology and chemistry are used to solve crimes. The major modes of course content delivery include hands-on activities, lecture, video, guest lecturers, labs, and online activities. Noteworthy famous forensics cases will be examined and discussed, and students are expected to present several cases throughout the course. Critical thinking and evidence-analysis skills will be regularly applied to “solve” cases. Topics include crime-scene analysis, history of forensic science, trace evidence, drugs and toxicology, serology, fingerprints, arson investigation, ballistics, hair and fibers, DNA, forensics entomology, questioned-document examination, forensic anthropology and pathology. Lab included.
Prerequisites: NS 1000-level course, EN1011, and FY1011 or FY1001

NS2601 Bioethics
3 credits
This course is designed for students interested in further study and/or careers in the sciences. It will cover the following topics: introduction to ethics and bioethics; human rights; benefit and harm; consent; privacy and confidentiality; equality, justice and equity; protecting future generations; and protection of the environment. Emphasis will be placed on applying ethical reasoning to many different topics, with specific examples drawn from biology and medicine. The course will, in broad outline, follow the syllabus of the Bioethics Core Curriculum from the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), which is based on the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights. This course is a hybrid course, with both online and face-to-face components. This course is open to any Landmark student who has met the prerequisites and wishes to gain a deeper understanding of scientific ethics.
Prerequisites: NS 1000-level course, EN1011, EN1021, and FY1011 or FY1001

NS2701 Anatomy and Physiology I
4 credits
This course, with its sequel (NS2702), is designed to provide a thorough overview of the basic tissue systems of the human, with particular emphasis on the concepts of “form follows function” and homeostatic regulation. This course will begin with an overview of the four main classifications of tissues: epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous. Human organ systems will be covered, including the integumentary skeletal, muscular, nervous, and endocrine systems (with other systems to be covered in NS2702). In addition to applying scientific skills learned in NS1701 and NS1702, students will become proficient in histology, understand and articulate how organ/tissue structure is related to function, comprehend the homeostatic mechanisms required to keep all systems in balance, and apply knowledge to predict what will happen if homeostasis is interrupted. Information will be presented in variety of modalities currently used at Landmark College, including small group work, tactile and kinesthetic activities, reading and summarizing, videos, and lecture. Students will attend weekly labs in which basic lab techniques such as histology/microscopy, dissection, and basic physiological measurements will be practiced. Lab included.
Prerequisite: This course is open to students who are enrolled in the Associate in Life Sciences degree program and have successfully completed NS1701 and NS1702.

NS2702 Anatomy and Physiology II
4 credits
This course, with its prequel (NS2701), is designed to provide a thorough overview of the basic tissue systems of the human, with particular emphasis on the concepts of “form follows function” and homeostatic regulation. This course will pick up where NS2701 leaves off. Human organ systems to be covered include the cardiovascular, respiratory, urinary, digestive, and reproductive systems. In addition to applying scientific skills learned in NS1701 and NS1702, students will become proficient in histology, understand and articulate how organ/tissue structure is related to function, comprehend the homeostatic mechanisms required to keep all systems in balance, and apply knowledge to predict what will happen if homeostasis is interrupted. Information will be presented in variety of modalities currently used at Landmark College, including small group work, tactile and kinesthetic activities, reading and summarizing, videos, and lecture. Students will attend weekly labs in which basic lab techniques such as histology/microscopy, dissection, and basic physiological measurements will be practiced. Lab included.
Prerequisite: This course is open to students who are enrolled in the Associate in Life Sciences degree program and have successfully completed NS2701. 

NS2711 Movement Mechanics in Exercise and Sport
3 credits
Movement Mechanics in Exercise and Sport is a lecture-format class that will introduce students to movement principles and concepts as they relate to sport and exercise. Specifically, the course will review biomechanical and kinesiological principles used when examining human motion, as well as how these biomechanical and kinesiological principles can be applied to human movement analysis in exercise and sport. Throughout Movement Mechanics in Exercise and Sport, students will be asked to make real-life applications of course content that will include: predicting the outcome of collisions, comparing biomechanical performances of professional and amateur athletes, and analyzing the trajectory of projectiles (e.g. bowling balls, baseballs, divers). Course content will be delivered in three scaffolded sections: 1. overview of the skeletal and muscular systems and related anatomical and directional terminology, 2. introduction to biomechanics and related biomechanical terminology, 3. identification of kinesiological principles and application of these principles to movement mechanics in exercise and sport. Presented as a dual offering from the Natural Sciences and Physical Education departments, Movement Mechanics in Exercise and Sport will include content assessed on many American College of Sports Medicine certification exams, including the personal trainer, group fitness instructor, and health specialist tests. Additionally, content covered in Movement Mechanics in Exercise and Sport will be provide a foundational understanding of biomechanics and kinesiology to students transferring into physical and occupational therapy programs.
Prerequisites: Math level 5, EN 1021, FY 1011, and one NS 1000-level course

Questions? Please contact me for more information!

Abigail Littlefield
Chair, Natural Science Dept.
802-387-1629
alittlefield@landmark.edu